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APA7 Referencing Style draft

Introduction to APA 7th referencing

The APA 7th referencing style was developed by the American Psychological Association and is an "Author-Date" system. See below for examples of basic APA citations and references. Use the left hand menu to locate specific source types and examples.

Important icon You should check your unit guide or consult with unit convenors/lecturers for the referencing style required in your unit. 

APA 7th format and examples

In-text citation:

(Author's family name & Author's family name, Year).

OR

Author's family name & Author's family name (Year) stated that...


Reference list:

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year). Title of the article. Name of the Journal, volume(issue), page#-page#. DOI or URL

Osman, M. (2010). Controlling uncertainty: A review of human behavior in complex dynamic environments. Psychological Bulletin, 136(1), 65-86. http://doi.org/10.1037/a0017815

In-text citation:

(Author's family name & Author's family name, Year).

OR

Author's family name & Author's family name (Year) stated that...


Reference list: 

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year). Title of the book: Subtitle of the book (#th ed.). Publisher. DOI or URL

Swartz, W. (2019)Descriptive psychology and the person concept: Essential attributes of persons and behavior. Academic Press. https://doi.org/10.1016/C2017-0-00372-5

In-text citation:

(Author's family name & Author's family name, Year).

OR

Author's family name & Author's family name (Year) stated that ...


Reference list: 

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year). Title of the book chapter. In A. A. Editor & B. B. Editor (Eds.), Title of the book: Subtitle of the book (#th ed., pp. #-#), Publisher. DOI or URL

Rattan, A. (2019). How lay theories (or mindsets) shape the confrontation of prejudice. In R. K. Mallett & M. J. Monteith (Eds.), Confronting prejudice and discrimination: The science of changing minds and behaviors (pp. 121-140). Academic Press. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-814715-3.00008-4

In-text citation:

(Author's family name & Author's family name, Year).

OR

Author's family name & Author's family name (Year) stated that...


Reference list: 

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year, Month Day). Title of the webpage. Title of the website. URL

Shapiro, R. E., & Cowan, R. (2017, January 10). Key points about caffeine and migraines. American Migraine Foundation. https://americanmigrainefoundation.org/resource-library/caffeine-and-migraine/