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Audiology & Speech Pathology

Watch: Citing references in text

This is an Academic Writer production published in 2019. This quick tutorial shows how to do the in-text citation in APA style. Click on the image to start:


Citing References in Text

Learn how to cite references in the text, including how to implement the basic formats, cite multiple works, achieve clarity, and format references with missing author and/or date information.

Academic Writer

© 2016 American Psychological Association.

APA Materials

The quick guides listed provide an overview of the APA 7th ed. referencing style.

Just starting out? Then view Basics of APA Style.

In-text citation: Consists mainly of the authors' last name and the year of publication (and page numbers if it is directly quoted) in round brackets and placed within the text. If there is no discernable author, the title and date are used.

Reference list: Ordered alphabetically by the last name of the first author of each work. References with no author are ordered in the reference list alphabetically by the first significant word of the title. Use only the initials of the authors' given names. Use full stops and spaces between the initials. Last name comes first. 

In-text citation

Reference list

.....(Neville, 2010) or Neville (2010) stated that " ....." (p. 25).

Neville, C. (2010). The complete guide to referencing and avoiding plagiarism (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Open University Press.

Some of the more often used abbreviations for the APA style are listed here:

chap. Chapter
ed. Edition
Ed.(Eds.) Editor(s)
et al. and others (from Latin et alii, et aliae)
n.d. No date of publication
No. Number
p. (pp.) Page(s)
para. Paragraph
Pt. Part
Rev. ed. Revised edition
Suppl. Supplement
Tech. Rep. Technical Report
Trans. Translator(s)
Vol. Volume (as in Vol. 4)
vols. Volumes (as in 4 vols.)

Style Guide available from the library

For further information, consult the Publication manual of the American Psychological Association available at the Library.

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association - print copy

Publication manual of the American Psychological Association