Jade provides access to Australian cases and tribunal decisions.
Jade allows you to search by date, keywords, topic, legislation section or court and provides functionality for sharing results, creating alerts and saving searches. All decisions are available in full-text and each one also has a citator report at the end of the decision. The range of information provided includes:
LawCite is a citator provided by Austlii, a collaboration project from the Free Access to Law Movement. It is an automatically generated international legal case and journal article citator and as such search results are gathered from Austlii's collection and the wider collections available through Worldlii. Information provided by LawCite includes:
LawOne allows you to quickly locate cases based on judicial consideration of legislation. In other words, use LawOne when you want to locate cases that discuss a known section of legislation. LawOne is also great when:
Searches across all material in the Westlaw database to provide you an index of cases and provides material related to that case. The range of information provided includes:
IntelliConnect, published by CCH, allows you to access cases published in specialist reports. These are subject related and collated under topic libraries. Some (but not all) of the subject areas available include:
The general search field at the top of the homepage allows you to search broadly after you have ticked the relevant libraries you wish to search. Then you narrow your results using the drop-down menu under Search/Browse.
The easiest way to find a case is by its citation - this is a unique identifier for the case. Sometimes, cases will have more than one citation, if they have been reported in different law report series.
Databases that allow easy citation searching include Westlaw Australia, Lexis Advance (for Casebase), CCH Intelliconnect, Jade, and LawCite. Use the links below to access these databases.
Databases that allow easy party name searching include Westlaw Australia, Lexis Advance (for CaseBase), CCH Intelliconnect, Jade, and LawCite. Use the links below to access these databases.
Party names aren't necessarily surnames, here are some other examples of party names:
Ex parte - meaning with only one side present
R - meaning Regina or Rex (depending on the reigning monarch) and is used in its abbreviated form in case reports to indicate the Crown in criminal prosecutions
In re - usually indicates that there is only one party
Often, the only information you have about a case is one or both of the party names. There are a few tips when searching by party name:
Often you are trying to find cases in a subject area, rather than a specific case. Using the free-text search box in a database such as Lexis Advance, Westlaw Australia, LawOne, CCH, or Jade provides great results, some of which will also indicate additional materials like commentary about the case, links to articles, dictionary and encyclopaedia entries (in the case of Westlaw Australia and Lexis Advance).
Legislation judicially considered means that a piece of legislation, or part thereof, has been considered in case law - ie. by the judiciary.
Most legal research databases have a function for searching for legislation judicially considered. In this place you can type the Statute or Regulation name along with the section, part or rule number.
Take a look in the databases below for quick and simple ways to search for legislation judicially considered.
Authorised law reports are report series which have been given official approval by the courts.
Each court has one series of law reports that is authorised. If available an authorised version of a case should be cited in preference to any other reported version. If no reported version is available then the unreported version can be cited.
In a legal database, citations are usually listed in order of preference, so it is easy to see which is the best version to use:
Authorised reports of Australian courts
|Court||Authorised Report Series||Abbreviation|
|High Court||Commonwealth Law Reports (1903-)||CLR|
|Federal Court||Federal Court Reports (1984-)||FCR|
|Administrative Appeals Tribunal||Administrative Law Decisions (1976-)||ALD|
|Supreme Court of Victoria||
Victorian Reports (1957-)
Victorian Law Reports (1887-1956)
|Supreme Court of New South Wales||
New South Wales Law Reports (1971-)
New South Wales Reports (1960-1970)
State Reports NSW (1901-1970)
New South Wales Law Reports (1880-1900)
|Supreme Court of the Australian Capital Territory||Australian Capital Territory Law Reports (2008-)||ACTLR|
|Supreme Court of the Northern Territory||Northern Territory Law Reports (1991-)||NTLR|
|Supreme Court of Queensland||
Queensland Reports (1958-)
State Reports Queensland (1902-1957)
St R Qd
|Supreme Court of South Australia||
South Australian State Reports (1971-)
State Reports South Australia (1921-1971)
South Australian Law Reports (1865-1920)
|Supreme Court of Tasmania||
Tasmanian Reports (1979-)
State Reports Tasmania (1941-1978)
Tasmanian Law Reports (1905-1940)
|Supreme Court of Western Australia||
Western Australian Reports (1960-)
Western Australian Law Reports (1899-1959)
But what is a law report?
Law reports are volumes in which judgements of some significance are published. These publications are designed to provide a comprehensive system of reporting and provide judges with written precedents. Cases that do not meet the criteria for publication in a law report belong to a large body of case law known as unreported judgments. Unreported judgments are now widely available online, through LawCite, Jade or databases such as Lexis Advance and Thomson Reuters Westlaw AU.
For more information about the law reporting process and why it is important read this guide from the State Library of Victoria.
What is a case citator?
Case citators are a good starting point for case law research.
Note: It is important to remember that when you are searching in a case citator you are not searching full-text case law. Citators are a case law index - they provide a range of information about a case, including:
Why use a case citator?
Where can I find a citator?
The databases mentioned in other boxes in this Law Guide such as Westlaw, Lexis Advance, Jade and Austlii all have a citator in them. Most even have full text of the cases.
If the title of the law report or journal is abbreviated, you will need to find the full title before searching the Library Catalogue.
Useful legal abbreviation indexes include:
Australian courts use a system of Medium Neutral Citation to identify judgments. Each court has an 'identifier' or abbreviation that is used in these citations. The document below will help you find the full court name: