Short for alternative metrics, altmetrics are a measure of web-based scholarly interaction. They aim to measure such things as how often research is tweeted, blogged, downloaded or bookmarked.
Their development can be seen as a response to the impact of social networking on the research environment. Use altmetrics to:
Alternative metrics can be used to compensate for some of the limitations of traditional research metrics as well as presenting a more well-rounded picture of research impact.
They should be used as a supplement to traditional metrics. Alternative measures can assist:
: can accumulate more quickly than traditional metrics such as citations
: can be gathered for many types of research outputs, not just scholarly articles
: can give a fuller picture of research impact using many indicators, not just citations
t: can measure impact outside the academic world, where people may use but not formally cite research
: If researchers get credit for a wider range of research outputs, such as data, it could motivate further sharing
Scopus offers article level social activity metrics that include: