Skip to Main Content

IEEE Referencing

Website, video, audio, software, AI

  • Abbreviated titles, months and words are used in IEEE. Please see Abbreviations in IEEE basics box for the list of abbreviations and further examples.
  • Dates: Use the Abbreviated Month. Day, Year. format for adding the date, for example Jan. 16, 2024.
  • IEEE follows the Force11 software citation principles 

In-text citation:

See IEEE basics box

Reference list:

Format:

[#]  A. A. Author, B. B. Author, and C. C. Author, “Page title.” Website Title. Accessed: Abbrev. Month. day, year. [Online]. Available: URL

Example:

[1]  Engineers Australia, “Engineering technologist.” Engineers Australia. Accessed: Nov. 21, 2023. [Online]. Available: https://www.engineersaustralia.org.au/about-engineering/occupational-categories#accordion-8226

In-text citation:

See IEEE basics box

Reference list:

Format:

[#]  A. A. Video Owner/Creator and B. B. Video Owner/Creator or Corporate Author, Location (if available). Title of Video:Subtitle. (Release date). Accessed: Abbrev. Month. day, year. [Type of Medium]. Available: URL

Example:

[1] TEDx Talks, Sydney, Australia. The Promise and Peril of Our Quantum Future: Craig Costello. (Jul. 15, 2019). Accessed: Aug. 12, 2019. [Online Video]. Available: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cR9stQH6ltw

In-text citation:

See IEEE basics box

Reference list:

  • Credit: Presenter, Creator or Speaker can be used when needed

Format:

[#]   A. A. Artist, Credit and B. B. Artist, Credit, "Title of episode," Title of Program: Subtitle, Date of recording, Year.  Place of recording: Publisher. Accessed: Abbrev. Month. day, year. [Type of Medium]. Available: URL

Example:

[1]   N. Kravitz, Presenter and A. Anandkumar, Speaker, “Anima Anandkumar on Using Generative AI to Tackle Gobal Challenges,” The AI Podcast, Sep. 11, 2023. United States: NVidia. Accessed: Dec. 4, 2023. [Podcast]. Available: https://soundcloud.com/theaipodcast/anima-anandkumar

In-text citation:

See IEEE basics box

Reference list:

Format:

[#]. A. A. Author, B. B. Author, and C. C. Author. Title of Software. Date Repository or Archive. (version or year). Publisher Name. Accessed: Abbrev. Month. day, year. [Type of Medium]. Global Persistent Identifier (e.g. DOI where available). Available: URL

Example:

[1] MATLAB Release 2023b (2023), MathWorks.

[2] Trinket (2023), Trinket. [Online]. Accessed: Sep. 5, 2023. Available: trinket.io

There is no official guidance from IEEE on how to reference generative AI. However, you may like to use a reference similar to that for software.

In-text citation example

In response to a prompt from on December 12, 2023, Open AI’s ChatGPT [1] suggested that...

Reference list example

[1] OpenAI (2023), ChatGPT 3.5. Accessed: Dec. 12, 2023. [Online]. Available: https://openai.com/chatgpt

If the example you need isn't here in our guide, have a look at these IEEE resources for further information.