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AGLC4 Referencing

Contents created by UQ Library and used under under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Different types of sources

You should cite material as internet materials only where:

  • the item is not available in published form
  • no other AGLC4 rule applies.

The full AGLC4 rule for internet materials can be found at Rule 7.15.


Author, 'Document Title', Web Page Title (Document Type,  Full date) Pinpoint <URL>
Board of Examiners, 'Admission Requirements', Council of Legal Education  (Web Page, 08 November 2016) [..] <>.
  • Author
  • Document title — single quotation marks
  • Web page title — treat like title of book, italicise do not add if the website name is the same as the author name
  • Document type —  for example 'Blog Post, 'Forum Post'. If type is unclear use 'Web Page'
  • Full date — date of last update, or, if that is not available, the full creation date
  • Pinpoint — web pages do not usually have pinpoints, if they appear include in citation in square brackets
  • URL — enclosed by point brackets. Note: if the full URL is too long it is acceptable to direct readers to the general URL of the website.


  • Ahmed Aly Khedr, 'Overview of United Arab Emirates Legal System', GlobaLex (Web Page, January 2018) <>.


The full AGLC4 rule for electronic newspapers can be found at Rule 7.11.2.


Author, 'Title', Newspaper  (online at Date) Pinpoint URL
Felicity Caldwell, 'Councillors Should be Banned from Receiving Developer Donations: CCC', Brisbane Times (online), (online at 4 October 2017) <>
  • Author 
  • Article title — in single quote marks followed by a comma
  • Newspaper title — italicised followed by a comma
  • Date of publication — full date preceded by online at, enclosed by parentheses 
  • URL — enclosed by point brackets


  • Antonio Garcia Martinez, 'Facebook's not Listening through your Phone. It Doesn't Have To', Wired (online), (online at 10 November 2017) <>

The full AGLC4 rule for newspapers can be found at Rule 7.11.


Author 'Article title' Newspaper title (Place of publication, Full date) Pinpoint
Stephen Howard and Billy Briggs, 'Law Lords Back School's Ban on Islamic Dress', The Herald (Glasgow, 3 December 2006) 7.
  • Author
  • Article title
  • Newspaper title — full name including 'The' where it appears in the masthead
  • Place of publication
  • Date of publication
  • Pinpoint


  • Mark Fowler, 'Religious Freedom the Best Test of Democracy', The Australian (Sydney, 16 September 2016) 28.

Press and Media releases are cited according to Rule 7.4 of the AGLC4.


Author, 'Document Title' (Release Type Document Number, Body, Full Date) Pinpoint
Department of Defence (Cth), 'Highest East Timorese Honour for Army Officers, (Media Release (MSPA 172/09, 22 May 2009) 3
  • Author followed by a comma.  If the author and the body are the same (as in the example above) omit the 'Body'.
  • Document title - in single quote marks followed by a comma. 
  • Release type with opening bracket.  The Release Type should be stated as per the document eg Press Release, Media Release, Press Statement.  If the release type isn't stated, use Media Release.
  • Document number - include if the document has one and reproduce abbreviations as they appear on the document.
  • Body with a closing bracket - if body releasing the statement is the same as the author, omit it.
  • Pinpoint



This rule should be used for social media posts like X (Twitter) and Instagram, forum posts like Reddit, and video sites like YouTube. 


Username, 'Title' (Social Media Platform, Full Date, Time) <URL>.
@s_m_Stephenson (Scott Stephenson)   (X, 17 July 2017, 9:37pm AEST) <>
  • Username - should appear as it does on the social media platform, including the @ where appropriate.  If the author's name is not clear from their handle, include their name in parentheses after the handle.
  • Title - no need to include a title if there is not one on a post.