Skip to Main Content


AGLC4 - Legal Referencing Module

In conjunction with the Macquarie University Law School, the Library has created the Legal Referencing Module.  This great tool lets you see how various types of materials are footnoted, how your bibliographies should look, and generally helps you understand what the AGLC style is all about.  There is even a quiz at the end for testing your knowledge.

Here are two ways to get to the Legal Referencing Module:

1.  Use the block in your Law iLearn Unit to click through to the Module:

Click this block in your ilearn unit to access the AGLC4 Legal Referencing Module


2. Access StudyWISE through your iLearn Unit as shown in the steps below.

1. Search for the StudyWISE unit and self-enrol


2.  On your iLearn Home page you will find the StudyWISE link under Student Support 

3. In StudyWISE look for the 'Writing in your discipline' block and choose AGLC4 referencing under What's inside?:

Rockpool image for block titled "writing in your discipline".  Click on What's inside for access to AGLC4 referencing module

AGLC (Australian Guide to Legal Citation) style

The AGLC style was developed from a collaboration between the Melbourne University Law Review and the Melbourne Journal of International Law. The AGLC provides Australia with a uniform system of legal citation. It is designed for academics, legal practitioners, law students and the judiciary for legal writing and research.

AGLC uses the footnoting system.

In-text citation:

It consists of two parts: a number in the text and a note at the bottom of the page (footnote). Notes are numbered sequentially, beginning with 1., throughout each article, chapter, or paper. The numbers in the text must be in superscript and should follow the punctuation.

Ibid. is used to indicate that the previous reference has been used again.

Reference list:

The list of references appears at the end of the paper.

AGLC recommends dividing your bibliography into the following sections:

A.    Articles/Books/Reports

B.    Cases

C.    Legislation

D.    Treaties

E.    Other

Sources should be listed in alphabetical order under each heading according to the surname of the first listed author.

Here is an example that cites a book with one author using AGLC style.

In-text citation

Reference list

intext: .....1

footnote: Colin Neville, The Complete Guide to Referencing and Avoiding Plagiarism (Open University Press, 2nd ed, 2010) 25.

Neville, Colin, The Complete Guide to Referencing and Avoiding Plagiarism (Open University Press, 2nd ed, 2010)


Interactive referencing tools

The interactive tool below, created by University of Melbourne library, is designed to provide you with examples of referencing for a range of resources. You will access these references by selecting from the menu until you get to the detailed information.

AGLC style guide

If you require further information consult the Australian guide to legal citation. A printed copy of this guide is available at the Library. A pdf version of the style guide is available in the link below. Please note that the pdf version of the guide do not include the Appendix.

Quick guides

The following quick guides, created by other institutions, provide an overview of the AGLC (4th ed) referencing style.  In these documents you will find examples for different types of materials and details on specific variations of citations.

Bibliographic management software

Macquarie University has licences for two bibliographic management software packages:

 EndNote 20 for Windows

 EndNote 20 for Mac


You can use these Bibliographic referencing tools to maintain your references. They can also create bibliographies automatically in Word.

EndNote and Mendeley training is available for current postgraduates, higher degree researchers and staff.

You can contact your Research Librarian for a session.

Watch these videos to give youself an idea on how to get started: