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Chicago Referencing

Other sources

Elements of footnote:

Reviewer's First Name Family Name, "Title of Review [if any]," review of Title of Book: Subtitle if Any, by Book Author/Editor's First Name Last Name, Name of Journal in which review appears Volume Number, no. Issue Number (Date of Publication): Page Number of Exact Citation, https://doi.org/DOI Number or Name of Database.

Footnote

23  Tanya Khovanova, review of Love and Math: The Heart of Hidden Reality, by Edward Frenkel, The College Mathematics Journal 45, no. 3 (May 2014): 230, https://doi.org/10.4169/college.math.j.45.3.230.

Subsequent notes:

28 Khovanova, review of Love and Math, 231. 


Elements of bibliography entry

Reviewer's Family Name, First Name. "Title of Review [if any]." Review of Title of Book: Subtitle if Any, by Book Author/Editor's First Name Last Name. Name of Journal in which review appears Volume Number, no. Issue Number (Date of Publication): First Page Number of Article-Last Page Number of Article. https://doi.org/DOI Number or Name of Database.

Bibliography entry

Khovanova, Tanya. Review of Love and Math: The Heart of Hidden Reality, by Edward Frenkel. The College Mathematics Journal 45, no. 3 (May 2014): 230-231. https://doi.org/10.4169/college.math.j.45.3.230.


Note

  • This is for a book review in a journal.
Elements of footnote
Author of  Paper, A., and B. Author of Paper. Year. "Title of Paper." Paper presented at Title of Conference: Subtitle of Conference, Location, Date. https://doi.org/10.XXX/XXXXX.XX
Footnote
22. Aurelia Armstrong, "Foucault and the Question of Autonomy" (paper presented at the Australian Society for Continental Philosophy Conference, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, 20 November 2003),  https://espace.library.uq.edu.au/view/UQ:204758

 

Subsequent notes

23. . Armstrong, Foucault,16.


Elements of bibliography entry

Author of  Paper, A., and B. Author of Paper. Year. "Title of Paper." In Title of Published Proceedings: Subtitle of Conference, Location, Date, inclusive page numbers. Place of publication: Publisher.

Bibliography entry

Armstrong, Aurelia. "Foucault and the Question of Autonomy." Paper presented at the Australian Society for Continental Philosophy Conference, University of Queensland, St Lucia, 20 November 2003.  https://espace.library.uq.edu.au/view/UQ:204758


Note:

  • A conference paper from the internet will have a DOI, a print conference paper will have the place of publication and publisher.
  • A paper included in the published proceedings of a meeting may be treated like a book chapter.
  • If published in a journal, it is treated as an article.
  • Details of the sponsorship, location, and date of the meeting at which a speech was given or a paper, slides, or poster presented follow the title. This information is put in parentheses in a note but not in a bibliography. If the information is available online, include a URL.

Elements of footnote:

Author/s (First Name Family Name), "Title: Subtitle," Course Code Course Name (type of work, Location: University, Date), page(s) cited, URL or iLearn.

Footnote:

Brett White, “Control + Ethics & CSR,” MGMT1002 Principles of Management (Lecture slides. North Ryde, NSW, Australia: Macquarie University, September 30, 2023), iLearn. 

Subsequent Notes:

10 White, "Control + Ethics": 12


Elements of bibliography entry:

Author/s (Family Name, First Name/s). "Title: Subtitle." Course Code Course Name. Type of work. Location: University, Date. URL or iLearn. 

Bibliography entry:

White, Brett, “Control + Ethics & CSR.” MGMT1002 Principles of Management. Lecture slides. North Ryde, NSW, Australia: Macquarie University, September 30, 2023, iLearn. 

Elements of footnote

Originator of the communication, medium, date.

Footnote

23  Charlotte Homes, email correspondence, July 20, 2023.

Subsequent notes

28 Homes, email. 


Elements of bibliography entry

These are usually cited in the text or in a note only; they are rarely included in a bibliography. If unsure, check with your convenor. 


Note

  • Conversations, unpublished letters, emails and text messages are classed as personal communications
  • You can also cite directly in your text, rather than in the notes. For instance, 'In an email to the author on January 12, 2023, Pretend Museum senior curator, Joe Bloggs, listed the following points ....'
  • Citations of personal communications should always omit any personal data (email address, cell phone number, etc). 
  • Personal communications are typically also left out of the bibliography. If they are critical to your argument, or frequently cited, then do include in the bibliography.
Elements of footnote

Note Number. Contributor's First and Family Names, type of contribution, Title: Subtitle (Original release date; Place of Publication: Publisher, Date of Publication), Medium, duration. DOI or Database name or URL if applicable. 

Footnote

26 Jonathan King, dir., Black Sheep (Surry Hills, N.S.W.: Icon Home Entertainment, 2007), DVD Video, 82 min.

28  DanimalLawlz, "Jason Alexander Teaches Larry David How to Play George", 8 December 2012, Youtube video, 2:45, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-TlDvH1EjgE.  

Subsequent notes

30  Black Sheep

32  DanimalLawlz, "Jason Alexander Teaches Larry David How to Play George",


Elements of bibliography entry

Director's Family Name, First Name, director. Title of Film. Production Company or Distributor, Year of Release. Medium (if not in a theatre).

 

Bibliography entry

DanimalLawlz. "Jason Alexander Teaches Larry David How to Play George." 8 December 2012. Youtube video, 2:45. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-TlDvH1EjgE. 

King, Jonathan, dir. Black Sheep. Surry Hills, N.S.W.: Icon Home Entertainment, 2007. DVD Video, 82 min.


Note: 

  • How you reference audio-visual materials will vary according to the nature of the material.  Any facts relevant to identifying the item should be included.  
  • Unless you watched the film in a theatre, include information about the medium at the end of the citation.
  • For a film watched online, include the URL or database name.
Elements

Artist, Title: subtitle, Date, Medium, Location. URL

Footnote

26 Salvador Dalí, The Persistence of Memory, 1931, oil on canvas, 9½ × 13″ (24.1 × 33 cm), Museum of Modern Art, New York. 

Subsequent notes

28 Dali, Memory.


Elements of bibliography entry

Artist. Title in italics. Date of creation or completion, information about the medium. Location of the work.

Bibliography Entry

Dali, Salvador. The Persistence of Memory. 1931, oil on canvas, 9½ × 13″ (24.1 × 33 cm). Museum of Modern Art, New York. http://www.moma.org/collection/works/79018.


Note

  • Information about paintings, photographs, sculptures, or other works of art can usually be presented in the text rather than in a note or bibliography.
Elements of footnote

Composer, Title of Score (Place of publication: Publisher, year), page number(s).

Footnote

26.  Igor Stravinsky, Rite of Spring (London, England: Hansen House, 1975), 3.

Subsequent notes

29. Stravinsky, Rite of Spring, 4.


Elements of bibliography

Composer First Name Family Name -- Score Title, ed. or arr. by First Name Last Name if Applicable-- vocal score (City of Publication, State or Country: Name of Publisher, Year of Publication)-- Page Number -- m. Measure Number if Applicable.

Bibliography

Stravinsky, Igor. Rite of Spring. London, England: Hansen House, 1975


Note

  • For a digital score database name and/or URL  at the end.
  • For the date, include the date of the recording, the copyright date or published date included with the recording. If a date cannot be found consult a library catalogue or other resource; citations without a date are generally unacceptable. If no date can be found, use “n.d.” (for no date).
  • Other specifics for parts of score, a born digital score etc should be checked in the Chicago Manual of Style Online.

The Chicago Manual of Style refers to The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation for referencing legal publications. However, this does not cover Australian materials. For Australian resources, the Australian Guide to Legal Citation 4th edition (AGLC4) has been used. The examples here are based on this format.

Reported Cases:

Footnote

Party Names (Year) Volume Law report abbreviation Page number, Pinpoint (Judicial Officer)

Commonwealth v Tasmania (1983) 158 CLR 1, 291 (Dean J)

Bibliography

Commonwealth v Tasmania (1983) 158 CLR 1

Acts or Statutes:

Footnote

Title Year Jurisdiction Pinpoint or page number

Crimes Act 1958 (Vic) s 3

Bibliography

Crimes Act 1958 (Vic)

Jurisdiction:

  • Cth (Commonwealth)
  • ACT (Australian Capital Territory) 
  • NSW (New South Wales)
  • NT (Northern Territory)
  • Qld (Queensland)
  • SA (South Australia)
  • Tas (Tasmania)
  • Vic (Victoria)
  • WA (Western Australia)

For all other resource types please refer to the full AGLC4 Guide.

Elements of footnote

Author First name and Family name, "Title in inverted commas" (Unpublished manuscript, version date), Format.

Footnote

21 John East, "The Duhig building: changing configurations of a library space at the University of Queensland" (unpublished manuscript, January 17 2018), typescript.

Subsequent notes:

22 East, "The Duhig building"


Elements of bibliography entry

Author's Family Name, First Name "Title in inverted commas" Unpublished manuscript, version date. Format.

Bibliography list entry

East, John. "The Duhig building: changing configurations of a library space at the University of Queensland." Unpublished manuscript, January 17 2018. Typescript.

  • Titles of unpublished manuscripts, like the titles of other unpublished works, appear in quotation marks.
  • Include the words unpublished manuscript and the date of the version consulted, if known; for electronic files, a last-saved or last-modified date may be appropriate.
  • End the citation with an indication of format.
  • When a book is under contract with a publisher and is already titled, but the date of publication is not yet known, forthcoming is used in place of the date.
Elements of footnote:

Author’s Family Name, First Name, "Thesis Title: Subtitle in quotation marks" (Type of Thesis, Institution, Year), pages cited, URL

Footnote example

17 Michelle Boulous Walker, "Philosophy and Silence: Reading the Maternal Body," (PhD thesis, University of Queensland, 1996), 99, https://espace.library.uq.edu.au/view/UQ:312117.

Subsequent notes

18 Walker, "Philosophy and Silence"


Elements of bibliography entry

Author’s Last Names, First Name. "Thesis Title: Subtitle in quotation marks." Type of Thesis, Institution, Year. URL

Bibliography Example

Walker, Michelle Boulous. "Philosophy and Silence: Reading the Maternal Body." PhD thesis., University of Queensland, 1996. https://espace.library.uq.edu.au/view/UQ:312117.