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Security Studies & Criminology

Referencing generative artificial intelligence (e.g. ChatGPT)

For every unit you are studying, check whether you are allowed to use generative artificial intelligence tools to complete your assessments.

You should acknowledge (reference) your use of these tools if and when you do so.

You will find referencing strategies under each style in the MQ Referencing Guide. We recommend checking back regularly for updates.

Last updated 27 Feb 2023

Security Studies and Criminology referencing styles

Subjects in this department use either Harvard or Chicago referencing styles.

  • Confirm which style is required by checking your iLearn unit page or asking your convenor.
  • Check with your convenor if there is a preferred version of the various Harvard referencing styles.

Using Author-Date styles

  • Both of these Author-Date styles require two elements: an in-text citation and a reference list entry.

  • In-text citation requires author's name, year of publication, and page number if you are directing your reader to a specific detail.

  • Reference list entries are organised alphabetically by the author surname, contain everything required for others to locate the information, and are located at the end of your work starting on a new page

Citations will look different, depending on the source

  • Books require four pieces of information (author, date, title, and publisher details).
  • Journal article require more (author, date, article title, journal title, volume and issue number, page range and DOI).

Related Referencing Guides/Tools

Build your referencing skills

Learn the why, what and how of referencing in StudyWISE.

The Writing Centre and Library also offer Referencing workshops for all students to enhance their academic skills and performance.